In January 2023, Russia passed an amendment to its DNA database law that will result in a massive expansion of the country's DNA database. Under the new law, authorities can collect DNA samples from anyone suspected of any crime, as well as from anyone convicted and serving time for any crime. Furthermore, DNA samples and profiles will be stored for life.
Previously, Russia's DNA database law only allowed DNA sample collection from people convicted of sexual offenses or other serious crimes. This limited the size and effectiveness of its DNA database program. This new amendment greatly expands the scope of the law and will result in a much larger database of DNA profiles.
The decision to expand the DNA database has generated controversy, with some arguing that the move is necessary to fight crime and improve public safety. Proponents of the law point to the success of DNA databases in other countries, where they have been used to solve cold cases and identify suspects in high-profile crimes.
However, critics of the law argue that it violates privacy rights and is effectively a mass collection program. They also raise concerns about the potential misuse of DNA data, including the possibility of the information being used for intimidation, harassment, or discriminatory purposes by the state.
Regardless of the debate surrounding the expansion of Russia's DNA database, it is clear that the amendment will have a significant impact on the country's criminal justice system. The new law will result in a massive increase in the number of DNA samples collected and stored, potentially changing the way investigations are conducted and suspects are identified.